Glass fiber reinforced plastic is a composite material, consisting of a polymer resin, reinforcing glass fibers, and fillers. The most common polymers are thermosetting polyester, vinyl ester, and epoxy resins. When cured, the resin defines the shape of the GRP part, and makes it resistant to chemical and environmental loads. There are several types of fiberglass available, the most common being E- and E-CR (Electric/Chemical/Resistant) glass, with tensile strengths many times higher than steel. The most common filler is fine silica sand.
GRP – superior properties
The glass fibers provide strength and stability, and the fillers contribute to high bending stiffness. With the glass fibers oriented in the desired direction, the fillers strategically placed, and all wetted out with resin and then cured at elevated temperatures, an exceptionally strong and stable laminate is formed. The resin provides excellent protection against chemical corrosion. The final product is waterproof, has good thermal stability and resistance to UV radiation, making it ideal for both indoor and outdoor applications. GRP is a highly durable material, ideally suited for a wide range of applications in various industries where very long lifetime expectancy is required.
GRP – for durable pipe systems
The development of the continuous filament winding process for GRP pipes started in the 1960s and has been refined and improved over the years. When engineers found a way to create a sandwich laminate with highly reinforced skins and sand filled core, GRP pipes became very competitive, both in terms of production and installation. The range of applications for GRP pipes is broad: sewer and drainage systems, potable water, raw water, irrigation, hydropower penstocks, industrial pipe systems, cooling water, sea intakes and outfalls, to name a few. The installation methods include open trench, above ground, subaqueous, as well as relining, jacking and microtunneling.